3 Odd Findings About The Earth In 2018

Over the past couple of years, the Earth has undergone some vivid changes. These take account of the breakup and formation of supercontinents, extreme ice ages which almost covered the globe with ice, and the disappearance and appearance of oceans.

However, our planet today looks pretty cultivated. But the world is a forceful planet as well and in fact, there’s much regarding its history as well as ongoing procedures – under the deep surface, in the ocean, and even on land which scientists and researchers are still discerning.

Nevertheless, listed below are some of the findings of the Earth last 2018.

1. Sinking Seafloor

As our planet warms, melting ice sheets and glaciers pour water into the ocean resulting to very high sea levels. Plus, all the additional weight is pushing the sea bottom down. Recently, researchers probed how the molten ice flowing from the land affected the ocean floor’s shape between 1993 and 2014. And they’ve found out that the global ocean sinks molded an average of 0.1 millimeters every year with a total distortion of 2mm over 20 years.

2. Split content

On March 19, 2018, a gaping crater yawn in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya following seismic activity and rains. The crack measured some miles long and 50ft wide, at the same time it signifies shifts which are currently taking place below the surface of the Earth.

Africa, on the other hand, sits on two plates and the tectonic moves driven by the mantle (active) are dragging the plates separately.

3. Deep Biosphere

Scientists have found out numerous and diverse microbial communities existing below the planet’s surface, in a situation known as the deep biosphere over the past years.

Recently, researchers revealed that this environment might be home to unknown species as well as the creatures have been growing there since the planet was still young.

Apart from the above-mentioned, there are also other odd findings about the Earth in 2018 including plant sounds and Magma Sea.

New wristwatches to live view from space

According to Collect Space, a watchmaker that saw success crafting timepieces from rocket-flown metal is now looking to connect outer space to your wrist.

In 2017, Werenbach crowdfunded more than $785,000 for its first line of watches, which were made out of spent Russian Soyuz rocket stages used in the launch of astronauts and cosmonauts to the International Space Station. On Tuesday (June 12), the Zurich-based company returned to Kickstarter for its next merger of space and time.

“It started with a wild dream: to build a watch from a real space rocket. Now we set out with an even bigger dream to achieve,” Zurich-based Werenbach wrote on the crowdfunding website.

“After one of the most successful watch stories in Kickstarter history, we wanted to return to you, our supporters, with something new once again – a watch with a real piece of rocket at its heart that now also connects you to space to share the view of an astronaut in real time,” the watchmaker announced.

At its heart

Werenbach’s original Earth collection and its subsequently-released Leonov series featured watch dials cut from salvaged rocket parts. Its Soyuz collection added the option of the watch’s case is made from a melted down rocket engine.

Werenbach’s new Mach 33 collection includes flown booster metal “at the heart” of the watch, in the form of a plate on the dial.

“We incorporate real space rocket material into each of our watches, otherwise, it wouldn’t be a Werenbach,” the company said. “The material comes from a Soyuz rocket (MS-02) that transported three astronauts to the International Space Station and was recovered by hand in the Kazakh steppe.”

Soyuz MS-02 launched Oct. 19, 2016, with NASA astronaut Shane Kimbrough and Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Andrei Borisenko to join the space station’s Expedition 49/50 crew.

[Penn State] Atamturktur as head of architectural engineering

According to Penn State News, According to Penn State News, Sez Atamturktur has been named the Harry and Arlene Schell Professor and Head of the Department of Architectural Engineering at Penn State, effective July 1.

Currently, Atamturktur is a provost’s distinguished professor and professor of environmental engineering and earth sciences, mechanical engineering, industrial engineering and civil engineering at Clemson University. At Clemson, Atamturktur spearheaded three institution-level National Science Foundation (NSF) grants including the NSF ADVANCE-funded Tigers ADVANCE program, the NSF NRT-funded Resilient Infrastructure and Environmental Systems (RIES) graduate education program and the NSF RED-funded CULTIVATE program. These institutional initiatives led to university-wide transdisciplinary research activities, curricular innovation and close engagement with industry and national laboratories at Clemson.

In addition, at Clemson, Atamturktur served as the associate vice president for research and is the founding director of its Office of Research Development. In this role, Atamturktur oversaw the university’s limited submission selection process, established university-wide initiatives for junior faculty development, spearheaded strategic large-impact research development efforts and established linkages between the division of research, and foundation and corporate relations offices.

“Professor Atamturktur comes to Penn State having had a tremendous impact as a leading researcher during her tenure on Clemson’s faculty, as well as through her visionary leadership as associate vice president,” Justin Schwartz, Harold and Inge Marcus Dean of Engineering, said. “I am confident that under her leadership the department will reach new heights of international impact.”

Atamturktur believes the field of architectural engineering is poised for major research breakthroughs that will have a significant societal impact. “Safe, healthy and productive living and working spaces is a basic human need. Architectural engineering as a field is dedicated to the betterment of human condition by advancing research and education in design, construction, and maintenance of the buildings we live in,” she said.

How Supernovae affects Earth

According to Astrobio, two nearby supernovae that exploded about 2.5 and eight million years ago could have resulted in a staggered depletion of Earth’s ozone layer, leading to a variety of repercussions for life on Earth.

In particular, two-and-a-half million years ago the Earth was changing dramatically. The Pliocene, which was a hot and balmy epoch, was ending and the Pleistocene, an era of repeated glaciation known as the Ice Age, was beginning. Natural variations in Earth’s orbit and wobble likely accounted for the change in climate, but the simultaneous event of a supernova could provide insight on the diversification of life during this epoch.

This supernova is thought to have occurred between 163 and 326 light years away (50–100 parsecs) from Earth. For perspective, our closest stellar neighbor, Proxima Centauri, is 4.2 light years away.

Supernovae can sterilize any nearby inhabited planets that happen to be in the path of their harmful ionizing radiation. Could nearby supernovae wreak havoc on the existing biology of our planet? One researcher wanted to find out. Dr. Brian Thomas, an astrophysicist at Washburn University in Kansas, USA, modeled the biological impacts at the Earth’s surface, based on geologic evidence of nearby supernovae 2.5 million and 8 million years ago. In his latest paper, Thomas investigated cosmic rays from the supernovae as they propagated through our atmosphere to the surface, to understand their effect on living organisms, www.McdVoice.com.

Looking at the fossil record during the Pliocene–Pleistocene boundary (2.5 million years ago), we see a dramatic change in the fossil record and in land cover globally. Thomas tells Astrobiology Magazine that “there were changes, especially in Africa, which went from being more forested to more grassland.”

“We are interested in how exploding stars affect life on Earth, and it turns out a few million years ago there were changes in the things that were living at the time,” says Thomas. “It might have been connected to this supernova.”

Earth’s Shields Protect Life on ‘One Strange Rock’

According to Space.com, planet Earth and the life it contains wouldn’t exist if it weren’t for the sun. But the sun also poses a serious threat to life, by constantly spewing harmful radiation into the solar system. Exactly how life on Earth managed to survive and thrive in the face of this danger is the subject of a new episode of “One Strange Rock,” which airs tonight (April 9) on the National Geographic Channel.

The new series explores all the strange coincidences that allowed life to arise and flourish on Earth. Each episode is narrated by astronauts, invoking the unique perspectives of those who have seen our planet from outer space. The first two episodes focused on how Earth “breathes” and how a violent history of cosmic collisions made our lucky planet the habitable world it is today.

Episode 3, titled “Shield,” will explore Earth’s natural defenses against the sun’s cosmic rays. Retired NASA astronaut Jeff Hoffman — who flew on five shuttle missions and helped to repair the Hubble Space Telescope in orbit — takes the lead. [The Sun’s Wrath: Worst Solar Storms in History]

While Earthlings couldn’t do without the sun, the vast amount of energy the star expels could also completely obliterate life in the solar system. Thanks to a combination of Earth’s atmosphere and a magnetic shell known as the magnetosphere, we don’t have to worry much about subatomic particles or UV radiation bombarding us. With a little sunscreen, we have all the protection we need down on Earth. In space, without our home planet’s natural defenses, the sun is far more hazardous.

Take Mars, for example. Because that planet has a thin atmosphere and no magnetic fields, what looks like it could have been a cradle for lifeis, in fact, a barren, uninhabitable landscape, likewise, scientists believe that Venus could have supported life billions of years ago.

Scott Kelly’s ‘Space Genes’

According to Futurism, Scott and Mark Kelly are identical twin brothers. They’re also both former astronauts. Scott spent a year living in the International Space Station, while Mark was here on Earth. The Twin Study, as it was called, was an effort to help scientists understand the effects of extended time in space. NASA already has a pretty good grasp of what happens to the body after six months on the ISS. But the effects after a year are far more important if we’re going to eventually send people to Mars, and beyond.

Though Scott Kelly returned to Earth in March 2016, scientists are still running the data to figure out the effects on his body and mind. At the 2018 Investigator’s Workshop for NASA’s Human Research Program in January, NASA released its findings, revealing that Scott returned safely, but something about his gene expression had changed, the liquor store near me.

NASA measured Scott’s metabolites, cytokines, and proteins before, during, and after his mission. Researchers learned that spaceflight is associated with oxygen deprivation stress, increased inflammation, and dramatic nutrient shifts that affect gene expression.

Furthermore, Scott’s telomeres (the ends of chromosomes that shorten as people get older) become longer while in space but shortened again within 48 hours of Scott returning to Earth.

Perhaps the most interesting discovery is the change to Scott’s genes. 93 percent remained unchanged after the year-long stay in space, but the remaining 7 percent — referred to as “space genes” — were expressed differently (the DNA itself wasn’t fundamentally altered, as some headlines stated and The Verge notes). These changes might have long-lasting effects on the immune system, DNA repair, bone formation networks, hypoxia (oxygen deficiency in tissue), and hypercapnia (an abundance of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream). 7 percent might sound insignificant, but in fact, it amounts to several hundred of genes.

How to create linkages in Africa’s investment space

African tech space has been recently the home of more linkages since many are required to do so within it. These are both for encouraging more investments and making sure the startup that indeed raises funds in the bank are served better.

According to Disrupt Africa, the year 2017 was a record-breaking time when it comes to African’s tech fundraising. However, investors of all level are still lacking. The report also pointed out to angel investors’ case as dozens of angel groups are forming across the continent under African Business Angel Network, also known as ABAN’s, general banner. To build linkages is particularly difficult on angel investing.

Collins Onuegbu expressed his thoughts towards the matter saying, “Initially we could not get traction because we did not have enough members. We needed to build enough capacity to allow us to invest.” Onuegbu is a partner at the Lagos Angel Network (LAN) and he believes that getting enough people involved in the most basic struggle.

He added, “Doing that allowed us to expand our base. What we have done as LAN itself is still a work in progress. We are using syndicates to expand our capacity. We have a secretariat that has helped us build the structure that we need. It helps us link up with the startups and the pipelines.”

Moreover, the founder of NewGenAngels named Sean Obedih has addressed the need for additional linkage between African startups and Africans in the diaspora.

“There is a big part of the African population that lives outside of Africa. Everyone talks about the diaspora sending money back home, but nobody talks about what that is being used for. There is no infrastructure for channeling it into companies. That infrastructure to invest in things is what is required more than the money,” Obedih explained.

Types of Linkages That Exist Between Universities and the Communities Around Them

Certain types of linkages tend to develop between universities and the communities around them. We venture to look at some of those linkages.

Firstly, we have the situations where the universities tend to be major employers of the people from the communities around them. Granted, the professors and other members of the high level teaching staff cadre tend to be from far away. But the support staff members tend to be drawn from the communities around the universities. And even the staff members who initially come from far away tend to settle and subsequently become bona fide members of the communities around the universities.

Secondly, we have the situations where the universities tend to be major markets for the products made by the members of the communities around them. Where, for instance, we have farming communities, you tend to have the universities being major consumers of the farm produce. In places where you have trading communities, the students and staff members in the universities tend to be key customers. To prove this, you can try selling any sort of products, like, say the best wireless headphones around a university. Or you can try selling something else, like, say, professional headphones around a university. What you will quickly come to learn is that the people from the university are likely to be key customers for you.

Thirdly, we have the situations where the universities tend to have some members of the communities around them as students. Thus, the universities provide educational opportunities to the surrounding communities. Granted, in the hard-to-get-into universities, like those in Ivy League, the local communities tend to be poorly represented in the student body (as the bulk of students come from all over the country, and even from abroad). But for other classes of universities, you tend to have local communities very well represented in the student populations.

Creating Linkages Between Entrepreneurs and Venture Capitalists Using the Internet

One important way to spur innovation and business development is by creating linkages between entrepreneurs and venture capitalists. Such linkages, between entrepreneurs and venture capitalists, can (among other ways) be created using the Internet.

The way to go about creating the linkages between the entrepreneurs and the venture capitalists using the Internet is actually very simple. It usually boils down to setting up a website, where the entrepreneurs and venture capitalists can get to interact. The interaction has to be structured though: it can’t, for instance, be simply a question of going to the Sbcglobal.net login page, or to the Att.net email login page, and using a system like SBCGlobal email to have the entrepreneurs communicate with the venture capitalists. You have to appreciate that the venture capitalists are often ‘serious’ people: the sorts of folks who cut big-deals through major investment banks such as JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley. Thus, as the person trying to create the linkages, you need to ensure that you only link the venture capitalists with reasonably serious entrepreneurs.

For taking the trouble to create linkages between entrepreneurs and venture capitalists through the Internet, you are likely to end up being rewarded very handsomely. So the whole thing is worth the trouble.

How to Create Linkages Between the IT Department and Staff in Other Departments

Computers play a central role in today’s businesses. As a consequence, in majority of business organizations, the IT department (which is in charge of computers) plays a very central role. People in other departments have to be well linked to the IT department, to ensure that the IT problems they encounter are resolved quickly, in order to enhance efficiency at work.

One way to create linkages between the IT department and staff in other departments is by setting up a phone number which anyone within the organization who encounters an IT problem can call. This is the most commonly used model, and it works well in small organizations where the offices of the IT department are within a walking distance from the offices of the other departments.

Another way to create linkage between the IT department and staff in other departments is by setting up a mechanism for the people in the IT department to be able to provide IT support remotely. This is possible using the sort of technology that is deployed at a site like www.logmeinrescue.com: that being the remote support technology. In big organizations such as the United States department of agriculture, this model would make a lot of sense.